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Eye Sight Examination

What is Macular Degeneration?

The eye is often compared to a camera, Light enters the eye through the cornea and the pupil. It is then directed by the natural lens in the eye to be focused image on the macula. The sharply focused image on the macular is them conveyed to the visual center of the brain via the optic nerve for interpretation. Macular degeneration is the medical term describing the loss of this specialised function of the retina.The retina inlets rest on a membrane called Bruch's membrane becomes brittle. This allows blood vessels from the choroid to grow in to the retina and cause damages.

If one eye is affected in the first instance there is a 20% risk that the eye will be affected within 2 years.

What are the symptoms of Macular Degeneration?

If you still have one eye you may not have any noticeable symptoms in the early stages of the diseases. It may be quite sometime before visual problems are noticed. Initially your vision may become blurred or distorted. Things may look as if they have an unusual size or shape. Straight lines like telephone poles, lamp posts and door ways may appear way.

The Types of Diseases Found :

 Macular Degeneration
 Retinal Detachment


If you look at a sheet of graph paper the distorted area will become oblivious and you can draw the outline of the distortion of your central vision. When you are out and about central vision. When you are out and about you see a blank area at the center of your vision. The result if this is that when you meet someone you may not be able to see their face but only their ears.

Colour vision may become impaired. Judging distance becomes impossible. Threading a needle, engaging a screwdriver into the head if a screw and pouring tea into a cup become difficult to do. You tend to misjudge heights of kerbs and steps. All these symptoms are the result of loss of three dimensional vision. Your view of the world resembles the flat images you see on a television screen of a photograph.

What are the treatment for age related Macular Degeneration?

Unfortunately there is no treatment for the dry form of Macular Degeneration.

With the wet form, however laser treatment is possible if the leaking abnormal blood vessels is away from the center of the macula. This is a painless out- patient treatment that attempts to seal the leaking blood vessels. Treatment can be repeated if subsequent examination shows that a leak is still present.

You may hear of a number of "cures" for macular degeneration, many of which are dietary supplements, that appears from time to time but none has, so far been proved scientifically to be of any benefit. If you take a normal balance diet with plenty of green vegetables and fruits the no other supplement to your diet is necessary.

You should try to lead as normal a life as possible.