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Services - Eye Sight Examination

How often should eyes be examined?

A full eye examination at least every 2 years is a sensible health precaution. But some people need more frequent checks : for example, once a year for the overs 60s because of the increased incidence of eye disease, and at the onset if reading difficulties called "presbyopia" - around the age of 45, when frequent changes of prescription may be needed for a while, and early re-test may be suggested.

What happens at an eye examination?

Before examining your eyes, the optometrist will need to ask you some question to find out if :

  • You have had any problems with your eyes.
  • Whether you wear spectacles of contact lenses.
  • Whether you have had any serious injury or infection of the eyes.
  • Whether any of your close relatives has eye problems.

You will also be asked about your general health and any medication you may be taking.  The  optometrist  will  ask  about  the  type of  work you do and your leisure

The Types of Diseases Found:

 Macular Degeneration
 Retinal Detachment
activities, Knowing what your individual visual needs are will enable the optometrist to give the best possible advice for your comforts & safety.

The major check on eye health is with a handheld torch like instrument, called an ophthalmoscope, which allows the health of the inside of the eye to be assessed and any abnormality detects. Then using a retinoscope (also like a tourch) at arm's length from your eyes, the optometrist can determine if corrective lenses are needed to give clear distance vision; the familiar letter charts and 'trial' lenses are used to cross-check these findings. Furthers tests are made to determine whether the two eyes are working together,if corrective lenses are needed for reading and close work, and to assess the field of vision.

At the end if the examination, you will be handed a written prescription, if spectacles or contact lenses are advised. Should any abnormality have been found, such as cataract, you will be referred to your doctor for treatment or further investigation, or if urgent, direct to a hospital eye department.